Leviticus 2 two explained the regulations for the grain offering that was to be brought to the lord by the Israelites as a form of worship. The offering was to be made of fine floor and was to be accompanied by oil and incense.
The chapter begins with a description of the basic ingredients that may be used in a meal offering: “When anyone brings a grain offering to the Lord, his offering shall be of fine flour. He shall pour oil on it, put frankincense on it, and bring it to Aaron’s sons the priests.” (Leviticus 2:1-2) The fine flour represents the work of human hands, the oil represents the anointing of the Holy Spirit, and the frankincense represents the prayers of the people rising to God as a sweet aroma.
The chapter goes on to describe the different types of meal offerings that may be made: “If he brings a grain offering baked in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil or unleavened wafers smeared with oil.” (Leviticus 2:4) This type of offering is to be made without yeast, which was seen as a symbol of corruption and sin.
Another type of meal offering that is described in this chapter is the “grain offering of firstfruits.” This offering was to be made from the first grain harvested in the year and was to be presented to the Lord with a specific kind of cakes and wafers mixed with oil and frankincense.
The chapter also states that any grain offering that is made with oil and frankincense must not be mixed with leavening agents. And any of the left over must not be consumed by any unauthorized person. And any of the grain offering must not be boiled in a pot but must be baked in fire.
The chapter concludes with a reminder that the grain offering belongs to the Lord, and is to be eaten by the priests only: “It shall be for Aaron and his sons, and they shall eat it in a holy place. It is most holy of the Lord’s food offerings.” (Leviticus 2:3)
The primary message of this chapter is that the Israelites were to present their offerings to God with the finest ingredients, free from corruption and sin, and with the understanding that these offerings belonged to God and were to be used in a holy and consecrated manner.
In many ways, this message can be applied to the Church today. Just as the Israelites were called to bring their best offerings to God, so too are we called to give our best to God in all aspects of our lives. We are called to be pure and undefiled in our worship and service to God, and to understand that everything we have belongs to Him and is to be used for His purposes. Additionally, this chapter also speaks of the importance of prayer and the role of the priests in the ancient Israel, which can also be applied to the role of the pastors and leaders in the church today.